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Information Literacy: Information Literacy

Definition of Information

Information is knowledge acquired in any manner; facts; data; learning; lore... information applies to facts that are gathered in any way, by reading, observation, hearsay, etc., and does not necessarily connote validity.2

Information Graphic

Watch How Quickly Data is Generated:

The Internet in Real-Time 1

Sources Used in This Guide

1"Domo Infographic." Inside the Domosphere. Domo. 2011. Web. 27 June 2012.
2"Information." Def. 3 & Syn. Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language. College ed. 1968.
3, 4American Library Association Presidential Committee on Information Literacy: Final Report. Chicago: American Library Association, 1989. Print. 
5 "Information Timeline" [module and video]. St. Johns River State College. 26 Aug 2022. Web. 10 Jan 2023.
Alexandria Proclamation on Information Literacy and Lifelong Learning. (2005). Information Literacy. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 10 Jan 2023.

Definition of Information Literacy

Information Literacy Logo in color
Information literacy, as defined by the American Library Association, is the ability to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information."3 Information literacy skills are not just for classroom use; they are life skills.

Information literacy empowers people in all walks of life to seek, evaluate, use and create information effectively to achieve their persona, social, occupational and educational goals. It is a basic human right in a digital world and promotes social inclusion in all nations.6

Information Literate People

"...information literate people are those who have learned how to learn... they learn how knowledge is organized, how to find information, and how to use information in such a way that others can learn from them. They are people prepared for lifelong learning, because they can always find the information needed for any task or decision at hand."4

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