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The skills listed on this page are the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education as developed by the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL), a division of the American Library Association.5
Information Literacy Skill 1
1. Determine the nature and extent of the information needed:
Define and articulate the need for information
Identify a variety of types and formats of potential sources
Consider the costs & benefits of acquiring needed information
Reevaluate the nature & extent of the information needed
Information Literacy Skill 2
2. Access needed information effectively & efficently:
Select the most appropriate investigative methods or information retrieval systems for accessing needed information
Construct and implement effective search strategies
Retreive information online or in person using a variety of methods
Refine search strategy as necessary
Extract, record, and manage information and its sources
Information Literacy Skill 3
3. Critically evaluate information and its sources, and incorporate selected information into your knowledge base & value system:
Summarize the main ideas to be extracted from the information gathered
Articulate and apply initial criteria for evaluating both the information & its sources
Synthesize the main ideas to construct new concepts
Compare new knowledge with prior knowledge to determine value added, contradictions, or other unique characteristics of the information
Determine whether new knowledge has an impact on your value system & take steps to reconcile differences
Determine if the initial query should be revised
Information Literacy Skill 4
4. Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose:
Apply new & prior information to planning and creating a particular product or performance
Revise the development process for the product or performance
Communicate the product or performance effecively to others
Information Literacy Skill 5
5. Understand many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding information and access & use information ethically and legally:
Understand many ethical, legal, and socio-economic issues surrounding information & information technology
Follow laws, regulations, institutional policies, and etiquette related to access & use of information resources
Acknowledge the use of information sources in communicating product or performance
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