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Documenting Sources of Information: Help for Constructing Citations

How to give credit to the authors/creators of work you use in research papers or other assignments

Sites for Help Making Citations

The links listed on this page include various tools for creating citations in the documentation styles used at Isothermal Community College.

  • The links for specific documentation styles are guides for creating citations "from the ground up" -- in other words, creating citations in the proper format from individual bits of information particular to the source of information you are citing. 
  • The citation maker sites allow you to input those bits of information and they will produce the entire citation in the chosen format for copy-and-pasting into your paper.

Citation MakersCitation MachineBibMe, & EasyBib

Create a Citation in Word in Microsoft 365

Chicago-Turabian (C-T) Style Format

Difference between CMOS and Chicago-Turabian? Kate L. Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is the student version of The Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago-Turabian), aimed at college and graduate students who are writing papers, theses, and dissertations that are not intended for publication. (The Chicago Manual of Style [CMOS] is aimed at professional scholars and publishers.) 

Modern Language Association (MLA) Format

MLA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue OWL) - 9th ed.

These OWL resources, updated for the MLA's 9th edition issued in April 2021, will help you learn how to use the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style. This section contains resources on in-text citations and Works Cited pages, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster. MLA is commonly used within the language arts, cultural studies, and other humanities disciplines.

American Psychological Association (APA) Format

APA Style Guide (Purdue OWL) - 7th ed.

This resource, revised according to the 7th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Scroll down to find the link for specific types of APA citation (i.e. book, article). The APA style guide is frequently utilized by professionals, researchers, and students in the social and behavioral sciences, including fields like education, nursing, psychology, linguistics, sociology, economics, and business. For more detailed information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS)/Turabian Format

Chicago Manual of Style Guide (Purdue OWL) - 17th ed.

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) covers a variety of topics from manuscript preparation and publication to grammar, usage, and documentation, and as such, it has been lovingly dubbed the “editor's bible.” The material in this section from Purdue OWL focuses primarily on one of the two CMOS documentation styles: the Notes-Bibliography System (NB), which is used by those working in the humanities, including literature, history, and the arts. The other documentation style, the Author-Date System (AD), is nearly identical in content but slightly different in form and is preferred by those working in the physical, natural, and social sciences.

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